A floodgate effect occurs when you permit a small thing, which then leads to the permission of many more things.
The name comes from the way a floodgate works: if you open the gate even a little bit, water will flow in until both sides of the gate are in equilibrium. Even the tiniest permission will lead to total permission.
Examples of the floodgate effect:
As you can see from the examples, the small permission creates a precedent, which is then exploited/leveraged repeatedly, leading to a flood of such events.
There are many more concepts in my "Mind Expander" tool (it's free)